Teach your child the rules of conduct in case of fire
Small children – big dreamers! By the number of invented games per minute, they will bypass any, even the most experienced mass media entertainer. But, unfortunately, not all children’s fun is safe. Curiosity and craving for vivid impressions can lead to dangerous pranks – playing with fire! That is why, starting from an early age, it is very important to teach the child the skills of careful handling of fire, to explain to him the causes of the fire and the rules of behavior when it occurs.
• Assign a person responsible for the safe removal of babies and the removal of young children from the building. In case this person cannot get out of the room due to smoke, you should have a different evacuation plan for children.
• Teach your child to use the telephone and learn the fire safety telephone with which he will call in case of fire.
• Develop an evacuation plan and discuss it with your child so that he knows what to do in case of a fire. If you live in an apartment, show the kid all the emergency exits in your building and explain that during the evacuation you cannot use the elevator, but only the stairs.
• Install smoke detectors at home and change batteries regularly. According to statistics, working smoke detectors reduce the likelihood of death in a fire by about 50%.
• Children need to know how to respond to the sound of a fired smoke detector. Explain to them that immediately after the signal, you must immediately go outside, moving as close to the floor as possible.
• In case of fire, choose a meeting place with the child outside the home that is at a safe distance from the building.
• If you cannot ensure a safe evacuation from your home or apartment, try to prevent smoke from entering the room by plugging ventilation openings and door crevices, and then immediately call the fire department. Signal through the window that you need help using a flashlight or a light colored cloth.
• To avoid a fire, do not connect several devices to the same outlet at once.
• Any objects that may ignite, such as kitchen towels or wooden spoons, must be kept at a safe distance from the stove.
• Remember that heaters must be kept at a safe distance from any objects that may catch fire. In addition, do not leave children and animals unattended if the heater is on. When leaving the room, be sure to turn off the heater and use it exclusively in accordance with the instruction manual. Do not use heaters to heat or dry things.
• Keep candles at a safe distance from any objects that may catch fire. Always extinguish the candles before bedtime or simply leaving the room.
• When using appliances that run on gasoline, it is necessary to store gasoline indoors, where children do not have access. Gasoline should be stored only in the original container (and not in a plastic soda bottle, for example), so that the child does not confuse it with another substance.
• Explain to the children that you cannot play with matches, gasoline, lighters, and fireworks. Keep all these items in a safe place out of the reach of children. Do not purchase lighters that resemble toys.
• Around fireplaces, wood-burning stoves, ovens and stoves, create zones where children will not have access. Install special barriers if possible.
• Explain to the child that you do not need to hide in the closet, under the bed and other closed places when the first signs of fire occur, since it will be difficult to find and quickly evacuate to a safe place.
• Learn how to handle a fire extinguisher in case of fire.
For baby: serious fun
Put to sleep on the shelf.
Only you do not touch her –
In the lighter asleep fire!
In 2013, there were 153,164 fires in Russia, while due to childish pranks, there were 2,589. In fires, 578 children died. The highest percentage of burns – 65% – among children of all ages is associated with fire.
Compliance with fire safety regulations will significantly reduce the number of children affected by burns.
Baulina Maria Evgenievna, Associate Professor of the Department of Clinical and Special Psychology of the Moscow City Pedagogical University, Candidate of Psychological Sciences, Member of the Expert Council of JOHNSON’S® Baby:
A modern urban child practically does not encounter open fire, so it is necessary to begin with why the flame is not only a means for cooking at a picnic, but also a danger.
1. List all possible causes of fire. These are not only matches and lighters, but also firecrackers, magnifying glasses, an unclosed door in the stove, abandoned cigarette butts. Explain to the child that he must not only look after himself, but also pay attention to what others are doing.
2. Explain to your baby that smoke is no less dangerous than fire! Many children do not know about it and believe that, as long as there is no flame, the game is harmless.