Safe behavior for children at home, on the street, on the road
After another horrific news on the Internet or in the news, we want to hold our child everywhere by the hand in order to protect against all potential misfortunes and misfortunes. But we all understand that it is not always possible for a child to “dress in a bulletproof vest” and drive him by the hand, which is why it is important to teach a child to be independent, to disclose to him all the safety rules for being outdoors and at home.
Since children memorize information better during the game, we recommend not only talking about safe rules of behavior on the street and at home, but also repeatedly losing various situations. How to do this will tell in our article.
We tell the child about the rules of a safe stay at home.
In some countries it is allowed to leave the child alone at home or on the street only after 12 years, in our country no prohibitions have been established, moreover, often the realities of our life just leave us no other way out, and we have to leave the child alone at home. Of course, the parents themselves decide at what age they can leave the child at home alone. When making this decision, you should think about the nature of the child, his behavior and ability to basic self-service.
And, of course, most importantly, the child must know the basic rules of safety. Remember, the task of the parents is not to frighten the child, but to explain the rules of behavior at home. So, what a child should know for a safe stay at home without parents:
• How and to whom to call to ask for advice or report danger.
The child should know where the phone is, how to use it. Also near the phone should be the most important numbers: the numbers of parents or relatives, possibly neighbors. If the child is forced to stay at home, it may be necessary to agree in advance with friends or neighbors who live nearby, almost always at home and can immediately come to the rescue. Perhaps you should give them a spare key, it all depends on the level of trust between you. Tell your child when to call parents and / or neighbors, friends.
• Short numbers of the Police, Fire Service and Ambulance. It is necessary to teach the child how to call and warn that you can not mess around and dial these numbers without the need.
In order to prevent the child from being in a critical situation, hang up the service numbers and rules next to the telephone, how to call and how to report the danger. The child must give his last name, address and report the reason for the call. We recommend that you rehearse and make a call to the Police, the Emergency Ministry and the Ambulance service several times.
• What to do if the electrical appliance lights up. We are losing a situation with a child, when suddenly a kettle or a TV set on fire: first, pull the cord out of the socket, then fill it with water. In general, experts recommend that after pulling the cord out of the socket, throw a thick blanket on the fire center, but the child may not orient and throw something light that will immediately catch fire. Also, experts recommend to pour dry laundry detergent to the place of fire, it is good if the powder is near and the child is able to orient. Explain to the child that under no circumstances should a heated electric device be watered with water until it is pulled out of the socket.
• What to do if someone calls on their home phone.
It’s better not to pick up the phone at all, parents and acquaintances will ring the cell phone. If the child doesn’t have a mobile phone, inform them that it is impossible to tell a stranger that he is alone at home, you cannot communicate and answer the questions of a stranger. If a stranger called, teach the child that you first need to ask who is calling and then say that the mother is busy and will call back later.
• What a child should do if the doorbell rings.
The child must understand that if he is not alone at home, then only an adult opens the door. If the child is left alone at home and someone rang the door, you also cannot go to the door, ask who is there and, especially, not open the door. Some parents teach the child to ask who is ringing at the door and not opening if it is a stranger. But, in my opinion, the child is too trusting and can believe the cunning tricks of the bandits. In any case, the child must be warned that the robbers may turn into the police, friends of their parents, they may even ask for milk or some water for a poor kitten or offer sweets …
It is better to lose such situations. For example, what happened to the naughty and stupid doll, who believed the robbers and opened the door and, as the smart doll did. But to really check, calling the apartment or intercom in a strange voice is not worth it. You can either scare, or, conversely, reduce vigilance: the next time he decides that this is a parental check, and opens the door. Teach your child to call each time mom or dad and ask what to do if there are any doubts. But, never, even on a crack, even for a second, do not open the door! Even if you see a girl or an old woman in the peephole, an adult and an insecure person can stand in the di